Notes and Course Outlines


The courses are listed in the best order to study for the MCAT or DAT Biology Exams.
Notes for individual courses are only $10 each, or purchase the notes for all 20 courses for only $100.

Enzyme Activity
COURSE 1: ENZYME ACTIVITY

  1. Quick Review of Thermodynamics
  2. Quick Review of Kinetics
  3. Reaction Coupling
  4. Enzyme Structure and Function
  5. Protein/Enzyme Regulation
  6. Feedback Regulation
  7. Enzyme Kinematics
    1. Simple Reactions
    2. Complex Reactions
  8. Enzyme Inhibition
    1. Competitive Inhibition
    2. Non-Competitive Inhibition

$10.00

Proteins, Carbohydrates and Lipids
COURSE 2: PROTEINS, CARBOHYDRATES
AND LIPIDS

  1. Proteins
    1. Bonding, Metabolism and Structure
  2. Carbohydrates
    1. Bonding, Metabolism and Structure
  3. Lipids
    1. Bonding, Metabolism and Structure

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Cellular Metabolism
COURSE 3: CELLULAR METABOLISM

  1. Redox Reactions
  2. Energy Metabolism
    1. Glycolysis
    2. Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex (PDC)
    3. Krebs Cycle
    4. Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
    5. Fermentation
  3. Energetics

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DNA & RNA Part 1
COURSE 4: DNA AND RNA (part 1)

  1. Nucleic Acids
  2. Structural units of DNA & RNA
  3. Pyrimidine & Purine Bases
  4. Polymerization
  5. DNA Structure
  6. DNA Packaging
  7. DNA Functions
  8. Genetic Mutations

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DNA & RNA Part 2
COURSE 5: DNA AND RNA (part 2)

  1. DNA Replication (Prokaryotes)
  2. Differences in Prokaryote/Eukaryote Replication
  3. Transcription (Prokaryotes)
  4. Differences in Prokaryote/Eukaryote Transcription
  5. Gene Regulation in Prokaryotes
  6. Translation (Prokaryotes)
  7. Translation Energy Summary
  8. Differences in Prokaryote/Eukaryote Translation

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Prokaryotes
COURSE 6: PROKARYOTES

  1. Types of Prokaryotes (Bacteria and Archea)
  2. Bacteria Structure and Function
    1. Shapes
  3. Gram Positive/Gram Negative Bacteria
  4. Bacteria Growth Conditions
    1. Temperature
    2. Nutrition
    3. Oxygen Utilization
    4. Reproduction & growth curve
    5. Endospores
  5. Genetic Exchange

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Viruses
COURSE 7: VIRUSES

  1. Prokaryote/Eukaryote Structure & Function
  2. Life Cycle
    1. Lytic Cycle
    2. Lysogenic Cycle
  3. Host Cell Viral Protection
  4. Differences in Eukaryotic Viruses
  5. Types of Viral Genomes
    1. + RNA Viruses
    2. – RNA Viruses
    3. Retroviruses

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Eukaryotes
COURSE 8: EUKARYOTES

  1. Animal Cell Structure vs. Plant Cell Structure
  2. Animal/Plant Organelle Structure and Function
    1. Nucleus
      1. Nuclear Envelope
    2. Mitochondria
      1. Inner Membrane
      2. Outer Membrane
      3. Cristae
      4. Matrix
    3. Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
    4. Lysosomes/Peroxisomes
    5. Ribosomes
      1. Synthesize Proteins
      2. Protein Trafficking
    6. Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
    7. Golgi Apparatus
    8. Plasma Membrane
      1. Vacuole
      2. Cell Wall
  3. Cytoskeleton
    1. Microtubules
    2. Intermediate Filaments
    3. Microfilaments

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Eukaryotic Cellular Environments
COURSE 9: EUKARYOTIC CELLULAR
ENVIRONMENTS, TRANSPORTATION AND
COMMUNICATION

  1. Cellular Activity and Environments
    1. Intercellular/Intracellular Environments
      (Tonicity)
    2. Transportation of Molecules (Passive/Active
      Transport)
    3. Transportation of Materials (Endocytosis and
      Exocytosis)
    4. Cell Adhesion
      1. Tight Junctions
      2. Desmosomes
      3. Gap Junctions
  2. Cellular Communication
    1. Cell-Surface Receptors
    2. Catalytic Receptors
    3. G-protein linked Receptors

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Mitoisis Meisosis
COURSE 10: MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS

  1. Mitosis
  2. Meiosis
    1. Errors in Meiosis

$10.00

Genetics
COURSE 11: GENETICS

  1. Genes
  2. Genotypes/Phenotypes
  3. Mendelian Genetics

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Nervous System

COURSE 12: NERVOUS SYSTEM

  1. Neuron structure and function
  2. Membrane potentials
  3. Action potentials
    1. Depolarization
    2. Repolarization
  4. Saltatory Conduction
  5. Synaptic Transmission
    1. Presynaptic neurons
    2. Postsynaptic neurons
  6. Nervous System Organization
    1. Central Nervous System
    2. Peripheral Nervous System
    3. Reflexes
  7. Central Nervous System Structures & Functions
  8. Peripheral Nervous System Structure & Functions
    1. Somatic
    2. Autonomic
      1. Parasympathetic
      2. Sympathetic
    3. Sensation

    $10.00

Muslces
COURSE 13: MUSCLES

  1. Structure and function
  2. Skeletal muscle
    1. Sliding filament theory
    2. Excitation-Contraction
    3. Muscle energy
    4. Motor units
  3. Other muscle groups

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Connective Tissue
COURSE 14: CONNECTIVE TISSUE

  1. Connective Tissue Structure and function
  2. Skeletal System
  3. Bone Composition and Regulation
  4. Bone Anatomy

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Endocrine System
COURSE 15: ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

  1. Nervous System vs. Endocrine System
  2. Types of Hormones
  3. Hormone Regulation
  4. Hormone Secreting Glands

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Circulatory System
COURSE 16: CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

  1. Circulatory System Structure and Function
  2. Capillary Exchange
  3. Heart Anatomy & Blood Flow
  4. Cardiac Cycle
  5. Cardiac Output
  6. Cardiac Muscle & Action Potentials
  7. Components of the Blood
  8. Types of Blood
  9. Hemoglobin Dissociation Curve
  10. Platelets and Clotting Factors

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Respiratory System
COURSE 18: RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

  1. Structure and function
  2. Ventilation
  3. Ventilation Rate and pH Regulation
  4. Respiration

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Digestive System
COURSE 19: DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

  1. Structure and function
  2. Alimentary canal
  3. Accessory organs
    1. Liver
    2. Gallbladder
    3. Pancreas

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Excretion
COURSE 20: KIDNEYS AND URINARY SYSTEM

  1. Structure and function of excretive organs
  2. Urinary system
    1. Kidney structure and function
    2. Urine production
    3. Renal regulation
    4. pH regulation

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Reproduction
COURSE 21: REPRODUCTION

  1. Male System
    1. Spermatogenesis
  2. Female System
    1. Oogenesis
    1. Male and Female Sexual Function
  3. The Sexual Cycle
    1. Ovarian Cycle
    2. Uterine Cycle
  4. The Reproductive Cycle
    1. Fertilization
    2. After Fertilization
    3. Embryogenesis
    4. Gender Development
    5. Birth

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All Notes
All the Notes for all 20 Courses
Price: $100.00